Kohl Gardens is a micro-nursery specializing in native plants grown from local and wild-origin seed. We are located at a private residence in Wendell, MA and open by appointment only. Email email@example.com to make an appointment, order plants, or request services by Adam Kohl (owner).
Our nursery grows landscape-ready plugs. The plugs are 5″ deep and come 50 plugs to a tray (SureRoots 50 Deep Cell). Most woody and some herbaceous species are grown in wider/larger plugs and come 15 to a tray (SureRoots 15 Deep Cell). We also sell plants in larger sizes (2qt and 1gal); our current availability is listed below. We proudly use Neptune’s Harvest seaweed/fish fertilizer and compost tea.
(multi-plug price breaks applicable to single species purchase only)
Plugs (SureRoots 50 Deep Cell):
- 1 plug: $3.50
- 3 plugs: $10 ($3.33 ea.)
- 5 plugs: $15 ($3 ea.)
- 10 plugs: $25 ($2.50ea.)
- 25 plugs: $60 ($2.40ea.)
- 50 plugs (full tray): $100 ($2ea.)
Large Plugs (SureRoots 15 Deep Cell):
- 1 plug: $10
- 5 plugs: $40 ($8ea.)
- 15 plugs (full tray): 100 ($6.66ea.)
- 2qt pots: $10ea*
- 1gal pots: $13ea (herbaceous), $20 (woody)*
*applies to many but not all species. inquire… bulk rates, haggling, bartering, etc.
Spring 2019! Available Plants!
- Andropogon gerardii, Big Blue Stem (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun, dry/wet (Available: 10x 2qt pots, 47x plugs).
“The most widely distributed of all the prairie grasses, the tall grass Big Bluestem was largely responsible for the formation of the famous prairie sod… Lush green leaves and stems change with the first frost to an attractive red-bronze color that provides landscape interest well into the winter. Grows in almost any soil, from wet clay to dry sand.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
“Important host plant for many skipper butterflies as well as a food source for grasshoppers” – Kohl Gardens
- Angelica atropurpurea, Purple-stemmed Angelica (Hampshire cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: plugs coming soon!).
“The preference is full or partial sun, consistently wet to moist conditions, and loamy or sandy soil with decaying organic matter. Soil pH should be mildly acidic to alkaline. Standing water is well-tolerated. The flowers attract Syrphid flies, bee flies, Andrenid bees, and other small bees. (host for) caterpillars… Umbellifer Borer Moth…, Cow Parsnip Borer Moth…, and butterfly …Black Swallowtail” – Illinois Wildflowers
“With impressive stature, leaves that can reach two feet wide and large umbrella-like flower structure, this species has an imposing presence. It’s not surprising that it has a long history of reputed medicinal and magical properties. Stately sentinels along stream beds, Angelica plants reach heights of six or more feet with hollow, smooth purple stems from one to two inches round. – Prairie Moon Nursery
- Aquilegia canadensis, Red Columbine -sun/pt.sun, well-drained (Available: 7x 2qt pots).
“Red-flowering native species closely related to the well-known English-garden plant. Flowers in mid-to-late Spring and offers some of the first nectar to hummingbirds arriving from migration. Goes near dormant in early summer so works best interplanted with later arriving species like Butterfly Weed and/or the shorter Asters/Goldenrods” – Kohl Gardens
“Bumblebees and the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird visit the flowers for nectar; bumblebees may also collect pollen for their larvae. Short-tongued Halictid bees collect pollen from the flowers,… The larvae of various insects feed on Wild Columbine, including … (Columbine Duskywing), … (Borer Moth sp.), … (Columbine Sawfly), and several Phytomyza spp. (Leaf Miner Flies). Because the foliage is toxic, it is little bothered by mammalian herbivores.” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Aralia racemosa, Spikenard (Franklin Cty., MA) -shade, moist (Available: 1 gal. pots coming soon!).
“Hulking herbaceous shade-thriving perennial in the Ginseng complex of the Carrot Family. The fruits are small but ripen in large clusters and taste quite a bit like root beer. Everyone that tries them is pleasantly surprised!” – Kohl Gardens
” Spikenard can be difficult to move once the plant is established, so put it in its permanent site if you can. It is a taller, wider woodland plant so be cautious if planting next to smaller plants; it may soon overwhelm them. Also…it is a close relative of Wild Sarsaparilla.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
- Asclepias incarnata, Swamp Milkweed (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: 4x 1gal pots, 12x 2qt pots, 3x plugs).
“One of our… showiest species with flattened, brightly colored (pink+white) flower heads at the tips of tall stems. Although found in wet soils, it will thrive in the garden if soil is not droughty…” – William Cullina.
“The flowers are very popular with many kinds of insects, including bumblebees, honeybees, long-horned bees…, Halictid bees, Sphecid wasps, Vespid wasps, Tiphiid wasps, Spider wasps, Mydas flies, thick-headed flies, Tachinid flies, Swallowtail butterflies, Greater Fritillaries, Monarch butterflies, and skippers. Another occasional visitor of the flowers is the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird. …insect feeders include caterpillars of the butterfly … (Monarch), …(Swamp Milkweed Leaf Beetle), … (Large Milkweed Bug), and … (Yellow Milkweed Aphid). … Mammalian herbivores leave this plant alone … the foliage is both bitter and toxic…” Illinois Wildflowers
- Asclepias tuberosa, Butterfly Milkweed -sun/pt.sun, dry (Available: plugs coming soon!).
“This is a great Milkweed for a sunny location in a dry area. Mature plants in ideal locations can make as many as 20 stems at an average height of 2’. The vivid orange color, low mounded profile, and ability to attract and sustain butterflies make this plant a well-known favorite for all types of gardens.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
“Seed pods are valued in dried flower arrangements. Long bloom period from late spring throughout the summer. Flowers are a nectar source for many butterflies and leaves are a food source for monarch butterfly larvae (caterpillars). ” – Missouri Botanical Garden
- Asimina triloba, Paw-Paw -pt.sun, moist (Available: SOLD OUT).
“A delicious, deciduous, fruit-bearing small tree native slightly south and west of New England. The fruits are filled with a creamy custard reminiscent of several tropical fruits. ” – Kohl Gardens
“The flowers attract flesh flies…, blow flies …, and other flies; this is because the color of the flower petals and the floral scent resemble rotting carrion. Flies suck nectar from the flowers and may feed on the pollen… In Illinois and other northern states, the caterpillars of the butterfly … (Zebra Swallowtail) and the moth … (Pawpaw Sphinx) feed exclusively on the leaves of Pawpaw. The large edible fruit is a popular food source of Raccoons and Opossums; it is also eaten by the Red Fox, Gray Fox, Striped Skunk, Gray Squirrel, Fox Squirrel, and Woodland Box Turtle. These animals spread the seeds to new locations. Some birds may also peck at the fruits, but they are less likely to distribute the seeds. White-Tailed Deer and other hoofed herbivores don’t browse on the leaves because of their odor and toxicity.” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Baptisia alba, White Wild Indigo (Jefferson Cty., KY) -sun/pt.sun, moist/dry (Available: 7x 2qt pots).
“A quick grower in spring, …has striking charcoal-gray stems, blue-green leaves and pea-like blossoms forming on long spikes, making it quite showy…. This plant is popular with insects. Bumblebees pollinate the flowers and caterpillars of several skippers, butterflies and moths feed on the foliage.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
“Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Tolerates drought and poor soils. Over time, plants form slowly expanding clumps with deep and extensive root systems, and should not be disturbed once established…. Plants take on more of a shrubby appearance and tend to open up after bloom.” – Missouri Botanical Garden
- Baptisia tinctoria, Yellow Wild Indigo -sun, dry (Available: 1x 1qt pot, plugs coming soon!).
“Mounding plant of grassland sandplains growing up to 3′ in height. Copious yellow pea-like flowers in late June to early July provide for Bumble bees and more. Intriguing pad-like foliage and inflated black seed pods that rattle to round it out ” – Kohl Gardens
“Yellow wild indigo is the host plant for caterpillars of the rare Lycaenid butterfly, frosted elfin (Callophrys irus).” – Go Botany
- Carex plantaginea, Plantain-leaved Sedge (Franklin Cty., MA) -pt.shade/shade, moist/avg. (Available: plugs coming soon!).
“The bold foliage of Carex plantaginea makes it a welcome textural surprise in the woodland garden. Plantain-leaf sedge grows 6-12” tall in part to full shade given moist to average soil. However, it will tolerate that dry, difficult spot in your garden. The almost evergreen foliage of this delightful sedge is bright green with a wrinkled look and purple-brown subtle flowers in May. Plantain-leaf sedge is a clump forming perennial that grows quickly to form an attractive mass which can be divided regularly. ” – Mt. Cuba Garden Center
“Various insects feed on the foliage of sedges (Carex spp.), including the caterpillars of the woodland butterfly, Satyrodes appalachia (Appalachian Brown). The seeds of sedges are an attractive source of food to various kinds of birds” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Ceanothus americana, New Jersey Tea (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, dry (Available: SOLD OUT, more large plugs coming soon!).
“Deeply-rooted and drought-tolerant shrub of around 3′ in height. White, super-sized gumdrop-shaped inflorescences top the shrub in June and are consistently covered in assorted pollinators. The leaves make a wonderful tea.” – Kohl Gardens
“The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract a variety of insects, especially bees, wasps, flies, and beetles. These floral visitors include Halictid bees … Andrenid bees…, plasterer bees …, Sphecid wasps …, Vespid wasps …, spider wasps …, Syrphid flies, thick-headed flies .., Tachinid flies, flesh flies …, bottle flies …, Muscid flies, and miscellaneous beetles. Hairstreak butterflies …also visit the flowers.” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Clematis virginiana, Virgin’s Bower (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.shade, moist/avg. (Available: 14x 1gal pots, 28x plugs).
“A beautiful and common Clematis, it trails over fences and other shrubs along moist roadsides and riverbanks. The female flowers, with their feathery tails or plumes, give a hoary appearance and are especially showy in late summer. Lacking tendrils, the vine supports itself by means of twisted stems, or petioles, that wrap around other plants.” – Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
“Graceful yet profuse native Clematis for part sun to sun. Fragrant blooms are excellent nectar plant for butterflies and bees, and a great nesting site for birds. Attractive fluffy seed-heads in Fall” – Kohl Gardens
- Eragrostis spectabilis, Purple Love Grass (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, dry/moist (Available: SOLD OUT).
“Purple Love Grass is a perennial, warm season grass … It reaches heights of 1-2 feet even in the driest, poorest of soils. It thrives in full sun and sandy sites – even roadsides that receive winter road salt. Purple Love Grass can also grow under Black Walnut trees where other plants fail. The seed heads (or florets) bloom mid-summer in shades of light to bright purple, giving an overall purple haze to the landscape. This tough ornamental grass is an absolutely stunning addition to any rock garden or drier landscape.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
“A low-flowering, drought-tolerant grass. Host plant for skippers and other butterflies… seeds are a fine Fall food for birds and other small wildlife.” – Kohl Gardens
- Eupatorium hyssopifolium, Hyssop-leaved Boneset (Barnstable Cty., MA) -sun, dry (Available: 12x 2qt pots, 19x plugs).
“A lesser-known Boneset for dry open fields and other well-draining sites. Similar to it’s taller relative E. perfoliatum but stays much closer to the ground, topping around 3′. Creates small clouds of long-lasting white flowers for shorter dry meadows.” – Kohl Gardens
“Hyssop-leaf thoroughwort is attractive both in bud and flower. This underused perennial is a perfect compliment to a grassy meadow. The buds show color for a few weeks before actually opening, producing clouds of tiny white flowers from late summer into autumn.” – North Creek Nursery
- Eupatorium perfoliatum, Boneset (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, avg./wet. (Available: 14x 2qt pots, 31 plugs).
“The nectar from the flowers of Common Boneset is very attractive to a variety of pollinators, including bees, wasps, and butterflies.”- USDA NRCS
“….boneset was commonly included in medical herb gardens and used as a folk medicine for treatment of flus, fevers, colds and a variety of other maladies.” – Missouri Botanical Garden.
- Eurybia spectabilis, Showy Aster (Barnstable cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, dry/moist (Available: plugs coming soon!).
“The individual flower heads are large – up to 2”. Each head consists of a ring of about 30 blue to purple ray flower that surrounds a central cluster of yellow disc flowers. The blooms are showy and are produced for a long time in late summer and fall…softly sprawling perennial that forms small colonies from underground rhizomes. up to 2′ tall” – New Moon Nursery
- Eutrochium fistulosum, Hollow Stem Joe Pye (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: 9x 2qt pots).
“The flowerheads are visited by honeybees, bumblebees, and other long-tongued bees; other floral visitors include bee flies (Bombyliidae), butterflies, skippers, and moths. ” – Illinois Wildlowers
“An outstanding plant, but not for the faint of heart as it can reach prodigious size.” – William Cullina
- Gaylussacia frondosa, Blue Huckleberry (Essex Cty., MA) -sun/pt.shade, moist/avg (Available: 6x 1gal pots).
“This is a huckleberry of the Atlantic coastal plain. It is a colonial shrub that proliferates rapidly from rhizomes when disturbed. Its thickets provide cover for widlife, while birds including grouse, bobwhite, scarlet tanagers, and wild turkeys eat the berrie.” – Go Botany
“This plant grows on the Atlantic coastal plain. It grows in wooded areas and next to bogs and swamps. It is common in the pine barrens of New Jersey. It grows on acidic soils low in nutrients. It grows with other related plants such as highbush blueberry…, hillside blueberry…, Lyonia spp., sheep-laurel …, wintergreen…, and black huckleberry….” – Wikipedia
- Gentiana clausa, Bottle Gentian -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: coming soon 8x 2qt pots).
“Among the finest perennials to grace the garden in late summer is the dark blue-flowered closed bottle gentian. Densely packed clusters of upright, 1-2” long pleated blooms borne in the axils of upper leaves and terminally swell, but remain closed on multi-stemmed plants with lance-shaped dark green foliage. Plants can grow to 2′ tall, preferring well-drained soils and part shade to full sun with slightly acidic to alkaline soils.” – Mt. Cuba Center
- Gentianopsis crinita, Fringed Gentian (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, moist (Available: SOLD OUT).
“Thou blossom bright with autumn dew, And colored with the heaven’s own blue, That openest when the quiet light Succeeds the keen and frosty night. … Thou waitest late and com’st alone, When woods are bare and birds are flown, And frosts and shortening days portend The aged year is near his end. –from ‘To The Fringed Gentian” – William Cullen Bryant, 1832 (via Go Botany)
“The preference is full or partial sun, somewhat wet to moist conditions, and calcareous sandy soil with a neutral pH. Insect pests and disease organisms rarely bother this wildflower. Information about floral-faunal relationships for this wildflower is scant. The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract primarily bumblebees. Costelloe (1988) observed the following bumblebees visiting the flowers of Fringed Gentian in Ohio: Bombus fervidus, Bombus impatiens, Bombus perplexus, and Bombus vagans. Apparently, the bitter foliage is rarely bothered by insects and mammalian herbivores.” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Helenium flexuosum, Purple Sneezeweed (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun, moist/wet (Available: 10x 2qt pots, 12x plugs).
“Purple-headed Sneezeweed is an interesting plant with winged stems, a dark, globe-shaped “cone,” and yellow petals arranged like a flared skirt. It requires a moist to wet soil and full to partial sun.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
“The flowerheads offer nectar and pollen as floral rewards to a wide range of insect visitors, including long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, butterflies, and skippers. Various insects feed on the leaves, pith of the stems, and other parts of Helenium ... These species include the caterpillars of the butterfly … (Dainty Sulfur), the caterpillars of…(Aster Borer Moth) ,… (Rigid Sunflower Borer Moth), …and (Sneezeweed Weevil).” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Hylodesmum nudiflorum, Naked-seed Tick Trefoil (Franklin Cty., MA) -shade/pt.sun, moist/dry? (Available: 14x ‘large’ plugs).
” Naked-Flowered Tick Trefoil is usually easy to identify because, unlike other Desmodium spp. (Tick Trefoils), it produces its leaves and flowers on separate stalks (except for an uncommon variety). While other species in this genus produce leaves that are clearly alternate, Naked-Flowered Tick Trefoil produces its leaves in pseudo-whorls. Naked-Flowered Tick Trefoil also prefers shady woodlands, while other species of tick trefoil usually prefer partially shaded savannas or sunny prairies.” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Ionactis linariifolius, Stiff Aster -sun/pt.sun, dry (Available: 12x 2qt pots, 36x plugs).
“Short and quaint Aster with lilac rays and yellow discs atop very coarse needle-like foliage. A great option for shorter meadows and dry open fields. Very drought tolerant, blooms simultaneously with Solidago nemoralis” – Kohl Gardens
“Stiff Aster is an attractive choice for rock gardens or dry, rocky slopes in full sun to partial shade. It grows in low (1′) clumps with showy blue-purple blossoms and needle-like, single-veined leaves. ” – Prairie Moon Nursery
- Iris versicolor, Blue Flag Iris (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: 12x 2qt pots, plugs and more 2qt pots soon!).
“Moist and wet areas provide the perfect setting for blue flag in the garden. In late spring to early summer, Iris versicolor produces stems containing several striking blue 3-4” flowers with a prominent yellow blotch on 2-3’ tall plants. Its sword-like, upright foliage is an attractive accent to the summer garden. In addition to wet conditions, blue flag grows well in average soil and filtered shade to sun. Blue flag makes an excellent focal point in a small pond or can be used in an area that is too wet for other garden plants. – Mt. Cuba Center
- Liatris novae-angliae, New England Blazing Star -sun/pt.sun, dry/moist (Available: 12x 2qt pots, 25x plugs).
“Northern blazing star is endemic to the northeastern United States, and is rare and protected in most of New England. The sandplain grasslands and coastal heathlands where it occurs were typically prevented from becoming wooded by sea spray, grazing, and fires. Controlled, prescribed burns are now used to maintain some of this habitat.” – Go Botany
“Our only native Liatris in New England has button flowers that bloom up and down multiple feet of stem mid to late Summer. A favorite nectar plant of the Monarch butterfly and others. Great for dry, open, well-draining fields and low-needs perennial gardens” – Kohl Gardens
- Lilium philadelphicum, Wood Lily (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, dry (COMING 2020?).
“Eye-catching native lily of dry open fields. Only reaching a few feet in height, topped with an upward facing terminal red flower in Summer.” – Kohl Gardens
“The nectar and pollen of the lily attract bees, hummingbirds and larger butterflies, such as swallowtails and Monarchs. Bulbs were harvested by Native Americans for food and medicine. The bulbs were traditionally cooked and then applied to surface wounds.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
- Lindera benzoin, Spicebush -sun/shade, moist/avg. (Available: SOLD OUT).
“Yellow flowers bloom along the twigs and branches and appear before the leaves in early Spring. Unique smelling foliage and branches make a delicious tea. Red fruits on the female plants in Fall make a native replacement for Allspice around the Holidays. Host plant for the beloved Spicebush Swallowtail Butterfly” – Kohl Gardens
“The flowers are cross-pollinated by various insects, particularly small bees and various flies. Insects that eat the foliage of Spicebush include the caterpillars of … (Spicebush Swallowtail), … (Promethea Moth), and … (Tulip Tree Beauty). The grubs of the long-horned beetle, …(Sassafras Borer), bore into the branches and roots of this shrub. The fruits are eaten occasionally by some upland gamebirds and several woodland songbirds. These birds help to distribute the seeds to new locations.” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Lobelia siphilitica , Giant Blue Lobelia -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: 10x 2qt pots, 12x plugs).
“Lobelia siphilitica offers a deep-hued counterpoint to the yellows of late summer. It can form colonies of richly-flowered spikes, 2-3’ ft. tall, in medium to wet soils, especially with a little shade. Lobelias produce a secondary compound known as “lobeline,” which deters herbivores.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
- Mitella diphylla, Bishop’s Cap -shade, moist/avg.(Available: 2qt pots and plugs coming soon!).
“A small but curiousity-inducing member of the spring ephemerals. Spikes of strange white flowers add a fantastical note to shade gardens in early Spring. Mitella is a relative of the more well-known Tiarella (Foam-flower), sharing it’s trait of evergreen foliage.” – Kohl Gardens
“The flowers are pollinated by Syrphid flies and small short-tongued bees (including Halictid bees and Little Carpenter bees). These insects suck nectar from the flowers; the Syrphid flies also feed on the pollen, while the short-tongued bees collect pollen for their larvae. Aside from these insect visitors, little appears to be known about floral-faunal relationships for this species.” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Monarda fistulosa, Wild Bee Balm (Berkshire Cty., MA) -sun/light shade, avg./moist (Available: 12x 2qt pots).
“…it often is cited for its historical medicinal applications… tea infusions for headaches, indigestion and colds and flu. Wild Bergamot is a favorite of butterflies, bees and hummingbirds” – Prairie Moon Nursery
“An adaptable and lovely wildflower, with… sweetly aromatic foliage” – William Cullina
- Monarda punctata, Spotted Bee Balm -sun/pt.sun, dry/moist (Available: plugs coming soon!).
“It is an eccentric beauty in form and color with complex blossoms topping 2′ stems in hues of pinkish-purple, green, beige, and maroon. ” – Prairie Moon Nursery
“Useful as an aromatic, medicinal herb like other Monarda species. Prefers some bare ground to self-seed and move about” – Kohl Gardens
- Penstemon digitalis, Foxglove Beardtounge -sun/pt.sun, moist (Available: 8x 2qt pots).
“The tubular flowers of this plant attract long-tongued bees, including honeybees, bumblebees, Miner bees, Mason bees, and hummingbirds. ” – Prairie Moon Nursery
“Low-care, high-impact perennial that flowers in June when there is often a dirth of flowers in native gardens. Self-seeds, and you’ll welcome every volunteer.” – Kohl Gardens
- Pityopsis falcata, Sickle-leaf Golden Aster (Barnstable Cty., MA) -sun, dry/xeric (Available: SOLD OUT).
“Endemic to just a few states in the Northeast, this is an underutilized garden plant for droughty, open areas. Seen in early successional inner dunes and open fields in coastal areas with its small yellow flowers sprawling close to the ground, blooming and seeding simultaneously from summer to early Fall.” – Kohl Gardens
“Sickle-leaved silk-grass is a highly restricted endemic, found on sandy glacial deposits that were left behind by the Wisconsin glaciation (which ended about 10,000 years ago). Though it is considered rare in New England, it can be locally abundant if the conditions are right.” – Go Botany
- Pycnanthemum muticum, Mountain Mint -sun/pt.sun, moist (Available: 12x 2qt pots, 9x plugs).
“A wonderfully delicious and medicinal native mint that creates a silvery cast in a meadow or field edge throughout most of the summer. Leaves dry on the plant and I harvest them even into the winter. Well-noted species for attracting insects” – Kohl Gardens
“This plant is a vigorous grower that may spread by rhizomes in optimum conditions, but it is not invasive as are many of the true mints (Mentha).” – Missouri Botanical Garden
- Pycnanthemum tenuifolium, Narrow-leaf Mountain Mint (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, dry (Available: 8x 2qt pots).
“The flowers of narrow-leaved mountain-mint attract a wide variety of insects including butterflies, skippers, bees, wasps, beetles and flies. The Cherokee used the leaves as a poultice to treat headache, and internally to treat colds, fever and upset stomach.” – Go Botany
“Pairs nicely with Butterfly Weed and other plants of the Sandplain Grasslands” – Kohl Gardens
- Rhexia virginica, Meadow Beauty (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: SOLD OUT).
“Adorable plant of small stature found in moist meadows and peaty/sandy pondsides. The only member of the tropical Melastomatacea family that reaches up to New England. The purple petals are large for the plants’ size, resembling a the bobblehead doll; the yellow anthers curl and droop like a vintage ballplayer’s facial hair, popping against the purple.” – Kohl Gardens
“The well-attached pollen in each anther is released through a small pore at one end by “buzz pollination”: solitary bumblebees must grab the flower and buzz to vibrate the anthers. Also known as Meadow Pitchers, as it sports interesting, vase-shaped red fruits, as noted by Henry David Thoreau…: “The scarlet leaves and stem of the Rhexia, some time out of flower, make almost as bright a patch in the meadow now as the flowers did. Its seed vessels are perfect little cream pitchers of graceful form.”” – Prairie Moon Nursery
- Rosa palustris, Swamp Rose -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: 9x 1gal pots, large plugs and more 1 gal coming soon!).
“A bountiful shrub with 2″ pink-petaled flowers that bloom for well-over a month. Extremely aromatic and attracts a suite of pollinators in June and July. Roses area copious pollen producers offering important sustenance to bumblebee colonies. Red/orange Autumnal color and large juicy red fruits (hips) are the cherry on top.” – Kohl Gardens
“The fruit (rose hips) is eaten by some upland gamebirds (Ruffed Grouse, Prairie Chicken, etc.), songbirds (Cedar Waxwing, Swainson’s Thrush, etc.), small rodents (White-Footed Mouse, Woodland Deer Mouse), and other mammals (Black Bear, Striped Skunk). White-Tailed Deer browse on the twigs and leaves, while Beavers use the woody stems as a food source and construction material for their dams and dens. Birds that construct nests in the taller roses include the Catbird, Northern Mockingbird, Brown Thrasher, Yellow Warbler, and Cardinal.” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Rudbeckia laciniata, Green-headed Coneflower (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, moist (Available: 9x 2qt pots, plugs coming soon!).
“There are not many woodland flowers that will reach the height of this coneflower. Its bright yellow flowers and relatively late bloom time compared to many spring-blooming woodland flowers make it a wonderful addition to your woodland planting.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
- Schizachyrium scoparium, Little Blue Stem (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: 8x 2qt pots, plugs coming soon!).
“Warm-season bunch grass common in dry fields and roadsides, reaching about 4′ tall in full-height. Fall and Winter interest for short meadows and open fields. Best planted in mass, but can double as a short specimen grass.” – Kohl Gardens
“Little Bluestem is an excellent plant for wildlife. The caterpillars of several skippers feed on the foliage, including Dusted Skipper, Cobweb Skipper, Ottoe Skipper, Indian Skipper, Swarthy Skipper, and the Crossline Skipper. Other insects that feed on Little Bluestem include grasshoppers, Prairie Walkingsticks, the leaf-mining beetles, thrips, spittlebugs, and leafhoppers. The seeds of this grass are eaten by songbirds, and the foliage is eaten by a number of mammals.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
- Sisyrinchium montanum, Strict Blue-eyed Grass (Windham Cty., VT) -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: 30x plugs and 8x 2qt pots coming soon!).
“Sisyrinchiums are small relatives of Iris and have similar, ribbonlike leaves in overlapping fans that grow from the dozen from a miniscule rhizome. The flowers worship the sun, remaining tightly closed until warmed by its rays…” – William Cullina.
- Solidago caesia, Axillary Goldenrod (Franklin Cty., MA) -shade/sun, moist/dry (Available: 7x 2qt pots, 32x plugs).
“A dainty, dangling Goldenrod usually found in dappled afternoon or bright morning-light situations. Among the last Goldenrods to flower. Blooms simultaneously with Heart-leaved Aster (Symphotrichum cordifolium), or for offset blooms try Solomon’s Plume (Maianthemum racemosa) and Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum)” – Kohl Gardens
“Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. A woodland species that tolerates poor, dry soils and light shade, but performs best in full sun. This species is primarily clump-forming and does not spread aggressively as do some of the other goldenrod species and hybrids.” – Missouri Botanical Garden
- Solidago flexicaulis, Zig-Zag Goldenrod (Franklin Cty., MA) -shade/sun moist/dry. (Available: 5x 2qt pots, 38x plugs).
“A graceful goldenrod usually found in shade/pt. shade in the the wild, but does well in full-sun. Growing only to 3′ tall. Zig-Zag self-seeds and the colony will slowly expand but don’t be afraid!… This is not your ‘Canada Goldenrod’. Blooms simultaneously with Eurybia divaricata, White Wood Aster” – Kohl Gardens
- Sorghastrum nutans, Indiangrass (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, dry (Available: 12x 2qt pots, 38x plugs).
“A prairie standard. Foliage is mounding, 3′ tall and 2′ wide with wide ribbon leaves. Flower heads reach out to 5′ in height and dangle in mid-summer with yellow anthers shaking in the wind” – Kohl Gardens
“Several species of grasshoppers feed on the foliage of Indian Grass…; this grass is a preferred host plant of …(Velvet-striped Grasshopper), … (Little Pasture Grasshopper), and … (Handsome Grasshopper). These grasshoppers are an important source of food to many insectivorous songbirds and upland gamebirds. Other insects that feed on Indian Grass include the leafhopper…, the Issid planthopper …, and the caterpillars of … (Pepper-and-Salt Skipper); … The foliage is also palatable to hoofed mammalian herbivores, including bison and cattle. … it provides nesting habitat and protective cover for many kinds of birds, including the …Greater Prairie Chicken, Northern Bobwhite, Mourning Dove, and Field Sparrow…” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Swida racemosa, Gray Dogwood (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.shade, dry/moist (Available: 7x 1gal pots, 15x ‘large’ plugs).
“Drought-tolerant Dogwood with many fine qualities. Best as a hedge or mown around in circles to control clonal nature. White fruits pop against the purple-red fall foliage, and are loved by many species of birds.” – Kohl Gardens
“These berries are also eaten by many mammals, including the Black Bear, Raccoon, Striped Skunk, Fox Squirrel, Gray Squirrel, Eastern Chipmunk, and White-Footed Mouse. Both the Cottontail Rabbit and White-Tailed Deer browse on the branches and leaves. Because of its dense branching structure, Gray Dogwood is often used as a nesting site by several songbirds. When it forms dense thickets, this provides good cover for many birds and small mammals.” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Symphyotrichum laeve, Smooth Aster (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, dry/moist. (Available: plugs coming soon!)
“A tough, adaptable species with lovely blue-gray leaves… The 1″-wide-flowers (Violet-color) emerge from a loose panicle. I would rate it as one of the best (Asters) for gardens… very drought-tolerant… grows to 3′ tall” – William Cullina
“The nectar and pollen of the flowerheads attract honeybees, bumblebees, cuckoo bees …, digger bees …), leaf-cutting bees …, Halictid bees .., Andrenid bees (including the oligolectic bee, Andrena asteris), Sphecid wasps, Syrphid flies …, Muscid flies, butterflies, and skippers… ” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Symphyotrichum novae-angliae , New England Aster -sun/pt.sun, moist (Available: 12x 2qt pots, 35x plugs).
“The flowers are visited primarily by long-tongued bees, bee flies, butterflies, and skippers. Short-tongued bees and Syrphid flies also visit the flowers…. Among the long-tongued bees, are such visitors as bumblebees, honeybees, Miner bees, and large Leaf-Cutting bees. ” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Thalictrum dioicum, Early Meadow Rue -shade, moist (Available: 24x plugs, more plugs coming soon!).
“…an early meadow rue that grows 1-2′ tall. It features lacy, fine-textured, gray-green, compound foliage (superficially resembling columbine or maidenhair fern) and panicles of tiny, drooping, greenish-white flowers often with a purple tinge which appear in late spring (April-May). Male flower has yellowish stamens and female flower has purplish pistils.” – Missouri Botanical Garden
“Graceful rue of small stature native to rich-mesic forests. Blooms alongside other spring ephemerals taking advantage of the early Spring canopy opening. Flowers are wind-pollinated and have dangling anthers reminiscent of a 70’s lampshade.” – Kohl Gardens
- Thalictrum pubescens, Tall Meadow Rue (Wendell, MA) -sun/shade, moist/wet (Available: 9x 2qt pots, 21x plugs).
“Large, puffy white-flowering clouds on top of softly tiered, divided foliage appearing in June and lasting for many weeks. Looks great in a woodland border where the flowers pop against a darker backdrop” – Kohl Gardens
“The Iroquois used this plant externally to treat nosebleeds, and internally to treat gall conditions. The Montagnais used the leaves as a spice to flavor salmon.” – Go Botany
Tridens flavus, Purple-top Grass (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, dry/avg. (Available: plugs coming soon!).
“Perennial warm-season…bunchgrass that when planted en masse puts a stunning reddish-purple top onto fields and meadows in mid-summer to early autumn. …tolerant of road salt…This species is the larval host of a number of butterflies and moths… Seeds are eaten by birds.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
- Verbasina alternifolia, Wingstem Crownbeard -sun/pt.sun, moist (Available: SOLD OUT).
“Sometimes this plant is called ‘Yellow Ironweed’ because of its fancied resemblance to Ironweed (Vernonia spp.). Both kinds of plants bloom at about the same time of year, share a similar height, have similar leaves, and like moist conditions. Their composite flowers, however, are dramatically different from each other in appearance. ” – Illinois Wildflowers
- Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: 12x 2qt pots, 9x plugs).
“The small, tubular, blue-violet flowers of Blue Vervain bloom from the bottom up in July’s heat. The numerous crowning spikes of blossoms give a candelabra-like appearance to this graceful, widely-distributed plant. …Vervain likes wet, even soggy, conditions but also will grow in medium soils. Full sun to partial sun are its preferred sun conditions.” – Prairie Moon Nursery
The flowers …attract many kinds of long-tongued and short-tongued bees, including honey bees, bumblebees, cuckoo bees…, digger bees …, Halictid bees, and dagger bees …, including the oligolectic Verbena Bee (Calliopsis verbenae)…Various songbirds …eat the seeds, including the Cardinal, Swamp Sparrow, Field Sparrow, Song Sparrow, and Slate-Colored Junco – Illinois Wildflowers
- Vernonia noveboracensis, New York Ironweed -sun/pt.sun, moist/wet (Available: 12x 2qt pots).
“New York ironweed is a robust wildflower with saturated-violet and narrow petaled flowers. Clusters of…flowers, …top a 5-7’ clump-forming plant. Normally found in nature in wet swales, …also grows well in drier sites in the garden without extra care. The intense purple flowers bloom for most of the month of September and attract many butterflies.” – Mt. Cuba Center
- Zizia aurea, Golden Alexanders (Franklin Cty., MA) -sun/pt.sun, moist (Available: 7x 2qt pots).
“Important spring-flowering member of the Apiacaea (Carrot family). Orangey-Gold flowers supply nectar for early-emerging pollinators; coarsely divided leaves are a host for the Black Swallowtail Butterfly” – Kohl Gardens
“The flowers are attractive to many kinds of insects seeking pollen or nectar, especially short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, and beetles. Among the short-tongued bees are such visitors as Green Metallic bees, Masked bees, and Andrenid bees … Wasp visitors include Eumenine wasps, spider wasps, Ichneumonid wasps, and Crabronine wasps. Such long-tongued bees as bumblebees, cuckoo bees (Nomada spp.) also visit the flowers, as do some small butterflies and true bugs” – Illinois Wildflowers